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Peat moss

In Britain and parts of Europe, overuse of peat moss by gardeners and others has led to environmental concerns as bogs are depleted, and gardeners are now encouraged not to use peat moss.

Restored Canadian bog harvested until 1968
Sphagnum peat moss is an alternative. Gardeners say American sphagnum moss is too tough and stringy. Use sphagnum peat moss from Canada. Don't use sphagnum moss, which is the fresh plant: sphagnum peat moss is partly decomposed and is the correct product for gardening and potting soils.

Canadian sphagnum peat moss is not a threatened resource. See these two FAQs for more information:

Canadian Sphagnum Peat Moss and the Environment

Peat Moss and the Environment --

Check with local environmental organizations or gardening associations whether using locally available peat moss or alternatives causes environmental damage or not.

Coco peat moss

Coir bricks
An alternative is coconut coir, the waste-product from coconut shells. It is widely available, usually in the form of bricks or bales, and it works well -- use it like peat moss. Coir mostly comes from Sri Lanka, India or the Philippines. Sri Lanka produces about a million cubic metres of coir a year and has a large surplus.

"Coconut Husk Fiber is an excellent potting medium. This great replacement for peat moss does not shed water like peat moss, and holds up to ten times its weight in water. After soaking in water for 10-20 minutes, you will have 1/3-1/2 cubic foot of weed- and disease-free material. The pH of this potting medium is between 5.2-6.8." From the
Territorial Seed Company:

"One small brick makes approximately 4 quarts of fluffy, wonderful smelling soil amendment" -- From
Golden Harvest Organics:

Jayampathi Lanka Exports (Pvt) Ltd. of Sri Lanka makes and exports
Fibrosoil Coco Peat products -- Briquettes, Coco Peat Discs, Coco Peat Grow Bags and bagged or baled Coco Peat. E-Mail:
Also in Australia:

Coconut Coir -- Wrapped Bricks, Blocks, Bales and Coir Grow Poles from
Caribbean Gardening: 8x4x2" Brick of Coconut Coir compressed 8 to 1 -- add one gallon of hot water and it expands to 1/3 cubic foot or 9 quarts. Blocks are compressed 5 to 1 and expand to 2.5 cubic feet (75 quarts). Bales are compressed 2 to 1 and expand to 8 cubic feet (240 quarts)

Coir Fibre Brick -- The Organic Gardening Catalogue,
Chase Organics-HDRA: Compressed coir fibre which expands to make a compost base when soaked in water. One brick makes 8 lt of coir which is enough for 2 seed trays. Use neat for sowing. Mix with perlite for cuttings. Add nutrients for raising transplants. One-, 2-, or 8-brick packs. See "Growing Media" in online catalogue -- Catalogue Ref: PFBR. Delivery in the UK only.

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