|Bin||Wood, if possible, or bricks, or turves, grass down|
|Air||Essential: spaces between boards, or holes in sides of bin|
|Size||From 18 in. x 18 in. x 2 ft. high to 6 ft. x 6 ft. x 3 ft. high|
|Time of building||Up to two months|
|Method||In 4 in. layers, kept flat: alternate tough stems with soft green|
|Materials||All vegetable waste 4 in.: a dusting of lime, three times. A few spadefuls of soil. An occasional 2 in. of manure. A final cover of 4 in. soil|
|Protection||Keep a sack on last layer ALWAYS|
|Shelter||Tilted corrugated iron sheet, or a stretched canvas cover, against rain|
|Treatment||Inject activator when heap is full and firm: 1 pint per 6 ft. area|
|Size||6 ft. wide x 8 ft. long x 6 ft. high, in sections|
|Layers||4 in. wet straw, 2 in. green matter or 2 in. manure, or a scatter of soil|
|Method||Build in open, like a rick, with straight sides, ridged top|
|Shape||Long clamp; build in sections|
|Treatment||Activator: 1 pint per 6 ft. area|
|Sink tub to within 6 in. of its rim||Sink tub|
|Fill with fresh manure||Fill with old cow-pats|
|Treat 3 oz. activator||Treat 3 oz. activator|
|Cover with lid||Cover with lid|
|Stack in wire enclosure|
|Scatter soil every foot|
|Turn out in six months|
|Treat with activator -- 1 pint per 6 ft. area|
|1. Loss of heat||1. No sacking laid on top layer||Dried out (a)|
|2. No shelter||Rain drenched heap (b)|
|2. No aeration||1. No air spaces in walls of bin||Putrefaction (b)|
|2. Too heavy treading caused tight packing||Putrefaction (b)|
|3. Misuse of activator||1. Not used||Heap not disintegrated (c)|
|2. Kept over a year|
|4. Opening before ripe||Opening by a fixed date||Not yet decomposed (d)|
|(a) Pour one gallon manure or compost water over it.|
|(b) Fork into piles, let sun and air get to it, then wet with manure water.|
|(c) Remake with fresh green layers and treat.|
|(d) Wait -- a week or more.|
|1.||Wild Chamomile (Matricaria Chamomilla)|
|2.||Common Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale)|
|3.||Common Valerian (Yaleriana officinalis)|
|4.||Yarrow (Achillea Millefolium)|
|5.||Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica)|
|6.||Oak bark (Quercus robur)|
(Size of heap up to 6 ft. square)
Make holes with a crowbar to within six inches of the bottom of the heap, and twelve inches to twenty-four inches apart.
Pour three ounces of the solution into each hole. Fill up the holes with dry sifted soil, and ram it down to prevent air pockets. Insert the solution as soon as possible after the heap is finished.
Important: Always shake the bottle well before use.
A convenient way of carrying the solution is in a one-pint beer bottle (20 oz.).
Dose for Manure Tub, 3 oz. of Solution
Please note, that the method is very elastic, and allows much latitude every way: exact measurements and exact doses are not essential, and the amounts must be fitted in to the size of the heaps.
An 18 in. square area would take three holes.
A 4 ft. x 3 ft. area, would take five holes.
A 6 ft. x 6 ft. area, would take seven holes.
For those who cannot make their own activator, the powder is available at the following prices:
For: 2 heaps, 1s., 4 heaps 2s., 6 heaps 3s, 8 heaps 4s. and so on. It is sent out in multiples of two.
It is made fresh every autumn. This is important (see Chapter 2).
The powder can be had from:
who will be delighted to answer any questions or help in any way.
Q.R. Compost Activator is still being made in England by Chase Organics and can be ordered online.
Chase Organics (G.B.) Ltd. -- The Organic Gardening Catalogue
See: QR COMPOST ACTIVATOR, large, medium or small:
|Flower||A delicate daisy with a protruding yellow cone. This cone is hollow inside like a horn. This is an important distinguishing mark; in all the other species the cone is fleshy|
|Height||From one to two feet. Branched in growth|
|Leaves||Bright green, delicate, fern-like|
|Grows||In cornfields, roadsides, rough fields: will grow easily by seed in light soil|
|Season||June to September|
|Flower||Bright yellow, large many-petalled daisy|
|Leaves||Flat, long-toothed, deep green|
|Flower Stems||Bare, hollow, with milky juice|
|Grows||Everywhere. A very common weed|
|Season||From April to September|
|Flower||Pale mauve, small, grow in a many-flowered flattened cluster|
|Height||From one to four feet, branched stem|
|Leaves||In pairs up the stem; they are united at the base, and are cut in segments opposite each other. The root leaves grow singly, but are cut in segments|
|Grows||On damp banks, hillsides, and in ditches|
|Season||June to August|
|Flower||Flat heads of daisy-like flowers, white or pale pink|
|Height||From one to two feet, branched stem|
|Leaves||Finely dissected, alternately arranged on stem|
|Grows||On waysides, fields, dry banks: very common|
|Stinging Nettle (this must not be confused with the dead-nettle family, Labiatae)|
|Flower||Green, hanging in clusters from the axle of the leaves|
|Height||From two to five feet|
|Leaves||Heart-shaped, toothed, dark green. The whole plant is covered with stiff hairs, that sting when touched|
|Grows||On waste ground, roadside, in hedges, everywhere|
Hollyhock (Althea Rosea)
Iron, Soda, Potash, Phosphorus, Lime, Sulphur
Walnut (Juglans Nigra)
Iron, Phosphorus, Potash, Sulphur
Strawberry (Fragaria Vesca)
Lime, Soda, Phosphorus
Yellow Dock (Rumex Crispus)
Marigold (Calendula Officinalis)
Sage (Salvia Officinalis)
Potash, Lime, Soda
Elder (Sambucus Nigra)
Iron Potash Soda
Chicory (Cichorium Intybus)
Iron, Potash, Lime, Soda
To increase heat:
Bruise and wet some nettles, put a layer in the heap.
To clean Fruit Trees:
Take two handfuls of dried horsetail (Equisetum Arvense) and simmer in a gallon of water for twenty minutes. Use one pint in one gallon water and spray, and in bad cases scrub your fruit trees. It is a wonderful cleanser. Strain and bottle any liquid left over.
To kill American Blight:
Use the horsetail liquid at full strength, dab or brush it on to the colonies.
To kill Aphis:
Dry and powder bracken leaves. Soak one dram (weight) in six ounces of water. Let it stand for twenty-four hours, strain and bottle. Use one dram in one gallon rain-water. It should tinge the water green. Spray, or better still, wash the leaves attacked by aphis.
Method of Erection
The posts can be permanent if desired. The sides are made light and easily moved and fixed. The first heap can be completed in section 1 and the other sections added on as required. Note that of the 4 ft. 1-1/2 in. between the posts, 1-1/2 in. is to allow space for the hook and eye or staple fastening.
The movable bin has been designed to meet the need of a bin which is easy to erect, and dismember, and moreover which is light, efficient, and capable of infinite expansion. It would be useful in outlying places, in farms or gardens.
The general layout is a series of square sections, with light movable sides which are hooked on to four equidistant corner posts. Each section is independent but additional ones can be added to any length required, i.e. a 4 ft. section could be expanded to 4 ft by 8 ft., 1,2 ft., 16 ft., and so on. The corner posts could be permanent if desired. They are firmly driven into the earth; the back ones are 4 ft. and the front ones 3 ft. above ground. This allows for the slope of the protecting cover. The sides are light panels made of 1/2 in. boards 1 ft. wide nailed at each end to two upright spars, 1-1/2 in. square and 3ft. 4 in. in height. There should be a 1 in. space between the boards for aeration. They should not be less than 2 ft. nor more than 4 ft. long.
Note. A space of three quarters of an inch should be allowed each side between the panels and the stationary posts to allow for the fastenings.
The fastenings are strong, screw-in hooks and eyes. Two hooks on each side of the panel at top and bottom. The corresponding eyes in the stationary posts.
The sides can very easily be dropped into place and with the two fastenings remain rigid. For full details see plan, above.
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