Food follies that maim and kill
the rich and the poor -- that
cheat the growing child and rob
the prospective mother of health --
that burn up millions in treasure
and fill untimely graves -- and
Alfred W. McCann
"Thirty Cent Bread," "Starving America," Etc.
George H. Doran Company
Copyright, 1918, by George H. Doran Company
Printed in the United States of America
THREE men, Jason Rogers, William Shillaber, Jr., and Henry J. Wright, stood by unfalteringly when powerful interests, by open and covert attack, by arrest, by civil and criminal action, threatened to destroy me. The courage of these men has made this book possible. To them I dedicate it with an affection that has something in it akin to sadness. I know that neither they nor I can ever again pour into any one task in behalf of humanity the sustained effort, the overflowing measure of energy and devotion, the solemnized and consecrated will to be right at any cost (and the cost to them was heavy) that have tabulated this volume of suppressed truths. The dark and sinister shadows have been penetrated. They lie behind. That we shall not enter them again is but a reminder that all things pass. Our many battles in the courts and outside of them have been won but even in the hazards we escaped there lurks a sense of loss. We are not to meet them again.
The world's food problems have not ended with the end of war. Peace has stepped in upon the deadliest of food perils. The time has come to probe the depths if civilisation is to harvest the material and spiritual fruits of the carnage of four terrorised years.
The extraordinary activities of the governments of Great Britain and the United States in establishing, 1918, a unified international food control, were inspired by a vision of a long, grim, hard future. The world is going to get hungrier and hungrier year after year for many years to come. America during each of these years will become progressively responsible for feeding the famished mouths of Europe. As the surpluses of foods increase in Australia and the Argentine, the difficulty of carrying them to hungry Europe will also increase.
The distance from Australia to Liverpool is 11,890 miles; from Australia to San Francisco is 6,966 miles; from Buenos Ayres to Liverpool is 6,258 miles; from Bombay to Liverpool is 10,680 miles.
The distance from New York to Liverpool is only 3,036 miles. The tonnage saved by shipping food 3,036 miles from New York to Liverpool instead of by the long routes is equivalent to 12,000,000 tons of shipping. The submarine, with its monstrous toll of destroyed vessels, is paralleled by the ravages that have depleted the dairy herds and breeding stock of America from which the European milk and meat supply must be reconstructed and restored. There is a world shortage not only of ships but of food.
With Belgium and Northern France evacuated by the Germans, 10,000,000 more mouths will have to be fed by America. Even Austria and Germany must be helped if anarchy is to be averted.
Europe cannot starve while America is using ships to bring her soldiers home. If America cannot fill those ships with food on their return voyages they will be sent to South America, to India, and Australia where there will be food to put into them. Europe must either draw upon those distant countries for the nourishment she needs, or she must depend upon America.
The United States Food Administration estimates that in Eastern Europe there are 180,000,000 people who must be fed after the war if famine more horrible than the world has ever known, is to be averted. The total deaths among British troops from the beginning of the war to the end of 1918 numbered a little more than one million. During the same period five million civilians in Europe starved to death, and more are starving every day.
With the establishment of peace, all Europe becomes a bidder for American food and for the ships to carry it. It is for this reason that America faces at home a food shortage far more serious than any through which she passed during the war.
Judson C. Welliver emphasises the fact that perfectly sane men who have brooded over this problem talk gravely about the possibility of famine in the United States unless measures are taken to establish food reserves, and later to maintain such rigid control of food production and distribution as will protect the country from having its own necessities of life taken away through the frantic bidding of starving multitudes on the other side.
If America would do her full duty to herself and the rest of the world she must learn how to maintain her stamina, her health, her resistance to disease while sharing her vanishing supplies with others.
This book tells how to meet the crisis and makes clear a path through which we may come out of it healthier and sturdier than when we entered its shadows.
One: The Human Scrap Heap is Piling Higher
1. God Has Prescribed
2. Food for Health or Disease?
3. The World Faces a Rebirth
4. Meaningless Phrases
5. Approaching Reform
6. Red Blood Depends on Food
7. Food Calcium and Tuberculosis
8. Denatured Foods Destroy Life
9. Human Variations of a Divine Theme
10. Natural Immunity Versus Business
11. The Neglected Child of 1912 -- The Soldier of 1918
12. What Our Teeth Disclose
13. Why Have a Six-Year Molar?
14. "Dust Thou Art and Unto Dust Thou Shalt Return"
Two: Two Kinds of Food -- The Constructive -- The Destructive
15. More Precious than Silver and Gold
16. The Influence of Earth Salts on Life
17. Old at Twenty-Five, Young at Sixty
18. The Human Body
19. Breaking it Down
20. Subtle Activity of Mineral Salts
21. Construction Within, Destruction Without
22. Food Minerals Essential to Life
23. The Thyroid Gland, a Poison Destroyer
24. Commercialism Disarms Nature
25. Wonders of Plant and Animal Life
26. The "Ash" of Food
27. Calcium in the Living Body
28. Children Suffer, Prospective Mothers Decline
29. Add Artifice and Subtract Nature
30. Walking with a Broken Staff
31. "Digestibility" and "Indigestibility"
33. Suspected Causes of Cancer
Three: Why Modern Refining Processes are More Deadly than War
34. Corn Meal or Cornless Meal
35. Anemia, Tuberculosis, Heart Disease
36. Rejected Food Minerals a Mountain of Folly
37. Outer Parts of the Grains and the Nervous System
38. Stunting the Growth of the Young
39. Increased Consumption of Meat
40. Rice, Scoured and Polished
41. Natural Brown Rice
42. A Spoonful of Gravy
43. Medicines Added to Sugar and Starch
44. Bases and Acids in Food
45. Calories and "Science"
46. Calories and Gasoline
47. Acid Formers and Females
48. Salt Intake and Output
49. Maternity and Tuberculosis
50. The Advertising Agency
51. Cow Feed, Horse Feed, and Food
Four: Eight Poison Squads that Cry for Action
52. The Madeira-Mamore Case
53. Spurning Monkey Food
54. Sherman, Forbes, Hart, Maxwell, Steinitz, Zadic, Leipziger, Rohman, Gumpert, Ehrstrom, Mettler, Sinclair, Voit
55. Elizabeth County Jail
56. The British Steamer "Dewa"
57. The Mississippi Penitentiary Poison Squad
58. Watery Tissues of the Hog, Pasty Complexion of the Human
59. The "Kronprinz Wilhelm" Poison Squad
60. Two Hundred and Fifty-Five Days!
61. American Meals
62. German Results
63. The "Kronprinz Wilhelm" Cure
64. The Height of Children Cut Down
65. Donald B. McMillan's Food
Five: Amazing Confusion of Clinic and Classroom
66. Ignoring the Commonplace
67. Hutchinson's Teaspoon
68. Strange Conclusions of Lusk
69. Disease Germs Bad where they Do Not Belong
70. Ailing Instructors in "Isms" and "Ologies"
71. Thin-Haired Women and Bald-Headed Men
72. A Pretty Test
73. Experiments with Chickens for Boys and Girls
74. What the Children Will Learn
Six: How "Business" Muzzles Truth
75. "Unsound Flour" Even Though White
76. Bleached Flour
77. The "Mixed Flour" Evil
78. The Devitalized Five-Cent Loaf
79. A Paid Advertisement
80. "The Lid is Off"
81. Imitation Graham
82. Physicians Seek in Vain
83. Dollars Dictate to Science
84. The Awakening of the Teacher
85. More Testimony
86. Courage of Senior Surgeon Banks
87. The Trade Challenge Trade Lies
88. Calcutta and the Rice Plague
89. A Paradox
Seven: Why Famine Follows the Use of Artificial Sugar
90. Old Brown Sugar
91. New White Sugar
93. The Honey Bee
97. Why the Excess?
98. Can We Ignore This?
99. Infantile Paralysis
Eight: Preventable Tragedies of Milk and Meat
101. Milk and Tuberculosis
102. Not Pasteurized
103. "Plugging" the Cow
104. The Certified Herd
105. Old Offenders
106. America's Kidneycides
108. Old When Tired
109. Food and Fatigue
110. The End of Fatigue
Nine: What the World Should Know of the Mysteries of Food
111. Iron and the Raisin
112. Cornell's 0.K.
113. Potatoes, Parsnips, Carrots and Turnips
115. Sulphurous Acid
116. "Chops" Waste and Jelly
117. Molasses and Cane Syrup
118. Rots and Spots
119. Bakery Wonders
120. Shortening with Petroleum
121. Labels and Standards
122. Standards and Labels
123. Cheating Cattle
124. Pasteur and God
125. Whence Came Life?
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